Kenya: Field Based Data

Health
Kebirichi - Ogembo Township

Public Health Initiative – Ebola Epidemic Scare In Africa. The soft underbelly of weak health systems in Africa.Forecast by Medical Charity Medicines Sans Frontiers.From the low funding and poor policies to lack of nurses and doctors,it’s almost a miracle how Africans survive epidemics.The World Health Organization has described the Ebola outbreak in West Africa as out of control and unstoppable.In an expert committee meeting of  WHO last week,the organization lamented that although protocols for controlling Ebola have previously worked,they broke down in the current outbreak.As such,WHO approved  a drug that has only been tested in monkeys to be used in humans with the hope that it treats the disease,a most rare  occurrence in medical history give the strictness with which research in use of new drugs is conventionally applied.But why is the current Ebola outbreak uncontrollable?The simple answer is that Africans lack faith in their health systems. As a result,affected people have ignored their health officials. In the affected countries,people prefer to hide the sick at home than take them to hospital.They believe that it is those who go to hospital who die.Some believe that herbalists and  witch doctors have medicine for the disease.The result is that the health system have failed to take charge.The problem in West Africa attests to the bitter fact that African health systems are weak and have not responded to health problems appropriately.The people have lost faith in them.Trying at this emergency time to reverse this historical fact is the reason behind the spread of Ebola. At the center of the weak health system in Africa is the crisis of human resources.There are never enough health workers.It is estimated that Sub-Sahara Africa needs 800,000 doctors,nurses and midwives.It is also estimated that to eliminate the shortage,$20 billion(Sh1.74 trillion) are needed. The few health workers are concentrated in urban centers,are poorly remunerated,and are demoralized.Further,their skills are not continuously updated in rare conditions like Ebola so that when outbreaks happen,they are caught pants down.The many problems that health systems in Africa face result from underfunding. For very good reasons,189 African heads of states and governments met in Abuja ,Nigeria,in 2001 and committed themselves to allocate 15% of their national spending to health.Ten years later,only six countries – Rwanda,Botswana, Niger, Zambia, Malawi and Burkina Faso had kept the promise.Kenya for example ,allocated 10.5% of the budget to the Ministry of Health immediately after Abuja Declaration but there after it has be on a decline trend standing at all low of about 3%. The counties have taken cue from the national government,with disadvantaged regions that need more allocation for healthcare setting aside even  lower figures. It  is important to note that even  the 15% agreed in Abuja is inadequate for Africa’s healthcare needs. The calculated health per capita expenditure in African countries ranges from Sh1,750 to Sh2,175.This is way below the Sh3,480 ($40) the WHO recommends.Underfunding of healthcare in Africa has led to tragic consequences. Other than mistrust by populations,now obvious with this Ebola outbreak,the Africa Union indicates that the biggest health problem in the continent remains the big burden of preventable diseases. This, according to Africa Union,is caused by weak health systems characterized by poor infrastructure,insecure supplies of equipment and commodities, inadequate human resources and weak management among others. In this Ebola outbreak ,the soft underbelly of the weak health systems in Africa is systematically being exposed. One patient entered Nigeria with Ebola and this has led to the death of at least 2 people  including the doctor who treated her. 10people are infected and more are being diagnosed by the day. There is panic across Africa because if a person lands in any city the disease will spread unabated.Most countries have started screening passengers at the airports but again this may be in vain since Ebola takes 21 days to show symptoms.It is possible for an infected passenger to land at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport and travel to Turkana, Lamu and other parts of the country for days before getting symptoms. The big question is whether our health systems are able to contain the epidemic should it happen.Having for example Kenyatta National Hospital prepare as it has done is good but it is also notable that Ebola is treated where the diagnosis is made to be able to contain the infection there. The greater fear also is that sick people could easily land in South Sudan,Somalia, Central African Republic or other parts of the continent where ,because of instability,health systems have virtually collapsed.Many people could be wiped out.While the risk of spreading the infection through air travel is very low,Africa is different and special in its own wa and the global rules of the game may not apply. While the US and Spain have confidently transported their sick citizens to their countries for treatment and ensured that nobody else got infected in those countries,this cannot be said of African countries.”
Reporter: Mr James Ombeo Omwega,PHAP

Magenche - Kenyenya Township

Medical College Infrastructure: In Vihiga County Sh100 million to be spent on medical college.The county has set aside sh100 million for the expansion of Kenya Medical Training College(KMTC) at Mbale. Governor Moses Akaranga said that the move was aimed to avert shortage.Work will begin in August 2014 and end before the end of the year.He said focus would be on setting up hostels,laboratories,lecture halls and a library,” Although KMTCs’ functions fall under the National Government,it is the duty of county governments to equip them to the required standards.These colleges play an important role in providing sufficient human resource and manpower,” Mr Akaranga said.
Reporter: Mr James Ombeo Omwega,PHAP

Magenche - Kenyenya Township

Medical School Project:In Nyeri County a nurses college to get medical school status.A college for training nurses in the county will be upgraded to offer new medical programs from September 2014.The Catholic Church – run College of Nursing is awaiting approval by the Ministry of Education.The medical officer in charge Sister Jayaa Placid said the change will open doors for more students keen on pursuing medical courses.Nyeri Catholic Diocese has donated 23 acres of land for the college’s expansion.
Reporter: Mr James Ombeo Omwega,PHAP

Kebirichi - Ogembo Township

Anti-malaria Campaign : 500,000 mosquito nets to be distributed.Residents of malaria-prone areas in Kisumu County will be given 500,000 mosquito nets.The Health ministry will distribute the nets in the next two weeks in July 2014,according to Kisumu County Director of Health Services Ojwang Lusi.The nets are part of some 12 million that the World Bank donated across the country,he said.The director said the ministry had positive strides in the fight against malaria since 1990.”The malaria prevalence in 1990 in the country stood at 80%. However, through various interventions by the Ministry of Health,the figure has reduced to 38% in 2012,”he said.
Reporter: Mr James Ombeo Omwega,PHAP

Kebirichi - Ogembo Township

Maternal Healthcare Initiative Project:: Sh30 million boost for maternal health drive. Nearly sh30 million has been donated to First Lady Margaret Kenyatta’s campaign to reduce child mortality and improve maternal health.The Ford Foundation,through Regional Representative Maurice Makoloo,gavesh15 million,Housing Finance Corporation of Kenya’s board chairman Steve Mainda presented sh10 million on behalf of the company,while Chinese Ambassador Liu Xianfa donated incubators valued at sh2.3 million.Others were the Murang’a county government sh2 million,and Miller Foundation sh2 million.The Murang’a county government will also finance a mobile clinic from its health budget.The clinic will be dedicated to the Beyond Zero campaign. Meanwhile spouses of Cabinet Secretaries donated sh600,000 towards the cause.The cash was presented to the First Lady at State House in Nairobi by Mrs Pamela Macharia,wife of Health Cabinet secretary James Macharia.Receiving the donations,the First Lady thanked the organizations and individuals for their support.”Your support truly warms my heart .With unity ,we can make maternal and child health care services accessible to less privileged Kenyans.”
Reporter: Mr James Ombeo Omwega,PHAP

Magenche - Kenyenya Township

Medicines and Emoluments: Health gets lion’s share of county budget in Nakuru. Nakuru County will use nearly half of its budget on health,estimates of the next financial year show.The county has allocated sh3.4 billion out of the projected sh9.8 billion budget to Health,an equivalent off 44.7%.The money will cater for the purchase of drugs for the 419 health facilities across the county and salaries for the 2,424 medical workers.The county government has already indicated plans of spending Sh100 million on pharmaceutical products to last from May to July 2015.In the first quarter of the current fiscal year the county government spent Sh72 million on drugs for Nakuru’s eight hospitals,98 dispensaries and 22 health centers.Already,the county is implementing initiatives meant to expand health facilities as the number of residents seeking medical attention continues to increase. Governor Kinuthia Mbugua has ordered for an audit of all the six hospital projects initiated under the Economic Stimulus Programme. Reporter: Mr James Ombeo Omwega,PHAP

Kakamega

In Kakamega County, in Western Kenya  about  half of the female Population cant access health care, due to price of  medicine  and level of Education in health seeking behavior. Most mothers cant access hospital , retracted by a lot of  poor cultural practices  that require   a lot of    IPC  to change the attitude and behavior, PSI  does a lot of work in health, in collaboration with the Kenyan  public health, but funds are  really  inadequate to reach all mothers in the entire area.

Reporter: Pamela Agunda

Eldoret

Kenya community Health Network (KCHN), is a National none partisan non-governmental organization registered on 17TH April 2003 with Non Governmental organizations Board of Kenya. It partners with stakeholders to promote development in rural, Peri-urban and urban Kenya.

We are committed to the increased access to quality health care for all people regardless of their economic or social background.

KCHN promote equitable access to and management of safe and adequate water, for domestic supply, sanitation, food security and environmental sustainability, to contribute to a world with equal access to resources and opportunities for development by providing financial support and exchange of knowledge with Primary focus being the prevention of disease and poverty reduction.
We call for good governance that works to alleviating poverty and human suffering.

Kenya Community Health Network chooses to focus grants on a few carefully selected health and Development issues to achieve more impact with the grants available. Resources are committed under seven vitally important areas of developmental concerns critical to overall well-being.
Our passion is with that of local community, the peoples well being is our main concern, we are an entry point into the community and we desire a strong and quality health care and development approach that is reachable and supportive to all .The often neglected people who cannot afford medicine and medical services should be addressed because ours is to close in the health care inequalities gap by targeting the poor.

We are working with partners to:

Bring health care to the community through our Health Access Programs,
Tighten the link between individuals and community health clinics through our Empowerment Program,
Address the root causes of poor health by strengthening ,empowering individuals and communities to be health through health education ,advocacy and leadership programs and,
Promote women’s and men’s equitable access to, and management of water ,for domestic supply, sanitation, food security and environmental sustainability

KCHN promote Disease prevention and service delivery through:

Information, Education and Communication. I.E.C/BCC
Reproductive health / family planning
Tuberculosis intervention programme
HIV/AIDS Advocacy, Awareness, Prevention and Support
Malaria Sensitization and Prevention Programme
Research, Lobby and Advocacy
Capacity building of other like minded community based organizations
Anti-Tobacco and Drug Abuse Advocacy/Lung Cancer
Mental Health Promotion/Advocacy
Lifestyle Diseases (like Hypertension, Diabetes, Choler etc
Optical and Dental Health promotion
Nutrition
We engage right expertise and practices that help prevent malnutrition, including demonstrating effective breast feeding, cultivating and preparing nutritious food, providing food as part of emergency relief efforts, and managing reward-for-work projects to help communities improve infrastructure

Economic empowerment and development
We Support economic activities for self reliance and development.

Water
Sanitation and Environmental Health – KCHN helps communities build and maintain clean water systems and latrines and educates people about good hygiene practice to reduce the risk of illness.

Agriculture and food security
We assist community to produce more food and increase their income while managing their natural resources and preserving the environment for future generations

Education and Research
We promote and facilitate discussion between stakeholders and other members of the community to overcome the barriers to education that can keep families in a cycle of poverty and engage in research that better improve the attainment of our overall objectives.

Supporting Education for Development
We have a dream to support grassroots educational initiatives that educate everyone including girls so that each individual can become an agent of change in the social and economic development of their own communities.
Development and the betterment of society are sustainable only when local communities build capacity to create their own solutions and in particular address the challenges of the poor and the orphaned.

Community Empowerment
The Community Empowerment Program aims at building capacities and resources for poverty reduction and disease prevention. Through this program KCHN mobilizes communities and work with existing community networks to create knowledge and awareness in order to bridge the gap between the society and authority (stakeholders) for improved realization of health, human rights and development.

Human Rights Documentation and Advocacy
The goal of Human Rights Documentation and Advocacy Programme is to document, influence and advocate for human rights and health law policies, plans, laws and best practices that impact and improve the social justice in health, access to medicines, and human rights in Kenya.

Other main concerns are:

Safety & Security
Conflict mitigation and management
Freedom from family and sexual violence

Reporter: Justine Toroitich Kurui

Education
Kebirichi - Ogembo Township

Market -oriented Course Curriculum Development Initiative: A University in Makueni to help region tackle drought problems.The South Eastern Kenya University(SEKU) has tailored its courses to address the challenges faced by the population of the region.Dr Patrick Kisangau,the director of the University’s Wote Campus said the courses include veterinary,dry land agriculture,range management,horticulture,food,nutrition and dietetics – all influenced by climate of the region.”This is the only university whose courses are determined by its geographical placement in the county. The university also offers training in water resources science and technology meant to boost conservation of water which is a major challenge in this region,”Dr Kisangau told the Nation.
Reporter: Mr James Ombeo Omwega,PHAP

Nyabiosi-Nyacheki Township

Education;Provision of special education facilities for Mathare Special Education Centre.This school caters for special education for children with disabilites.The children taken care of here have a twofold problem;they are disabled and come from poor  slum dwelling families.Special education facilities are lacking to enable the children get the required education to make them self reliant and productive citizens of this country. The facilities will impart the necessary knowledge and skills and enable them start income generating projects and lessen the burden the parents/guardians
are shouldering in taking care of them. Reporter:  Mr James Ombeo Omwega,PHAP

Nairobi

Interwaste R&D (EA) Trust programme projects will promte waste resources recovery education in universities in great lakes region; facilitate rural/ urban water, sanitation, and hygiene initiative in the region; climate change issues, solutions and campaigns in the region;infrastrusture/ facilities in the region including real estate; waste to energy for sustainable developments in cities in the region.Also facilitating research and developments activities in the areas listed above. Thank you.

Best regards

John Waweru Gakunga
Founder and Managing Trustee
Interwaste R&D(EA) Trust
P:+254 (0) 720549340
E:jwgakunga@gmail.com
Website:www.interwaste-ea.co.ke

Reporter: John Waweru Gakunga

Milimani estates,kakamega town

This is orphans home of Grace,we are a charitable organization supporting orphans.Since 1999 we have managed to support needy orphans,two out of six have completed their training and atleast have been contracted and earning a leaving out their work.Four are in universities and colleges.We have 33 children in our facility who need help to continue with education.They too need clothes and medical support.Most of all the children have lost their parents and therefore the only place they know as home and safe is here at the center.We really want to have away of sustaining the organization to enable many fatherless and vulnerable children gain.If any donor can be found to help the organization run projects like poultry,dairy and general farming then we can achieve a lot.We also intend to start a computer,tailoring and carpentry center to help advance our children knowledge.

We have been in existence as a charity home for orphans and vulnerable children since 1999.We started with 7 fatherless children of whom three girls have completed their education from primary,secondary to colleges and two working at the moment while one is graduating january 2015.Two boys are in universities while one is in college.The other boy passed away.In total we have 33 orphans at the moment.We rely upon willing individuals to assist with food,education grants and clothing.
We own a property but being faced with big challenges of continue support to enable the continuation of supporting the orphans.

Reporter: PATRICE OWUOR ADIKA

Kitale

EDUCATION FOR ORPHANS AND VULNERABLE CHILDREN, PURCHASE OF SCHOOL PLOT AND BUILDING, HELPING WIDOWS,
BUILDING, DIGGING THEIR LAND AND SUPPLYING THEM INPUTS, LITTLE CAPITAL FOR BUSINESS FOR THE WIDOWS, WATER AND SANITATION. HELPING THE ELDERLY (FOOD, SHELTER AND BEDDING).
FISH FARMING,
POULTRY KEEPING,
RABBIT KEEPING FOR BOOSTING THE ORGANIZATION.

Reporter: BEATRICE AMOIT IBALAI

Barani village, Mtwapa - Mombasa

Lack of access to Early Childhood development (ECD) for children between 3 – 10 years leading to poor enrolment in public schools thus propagating the cycle of poverty due to lack of skills for labour marketing leading to high poverty levels, crime, drug and substance abuse, early marriages and child abuse.

Reporter: Khamis Omar

Infrastructure
Kebirichi - Ogembo Township

Partnership Agreements: IMF- International Monetary Fund calls for vigilance in partnership deals. Sh500 billion boost for projects in counties.More than sh500 billion will be spent by International firms seeking to gain in western Kenya.Some counties in the region already have sealed deals with various multinationals.This comes at a time when the International Monetary Fund wants county governments to be barred from entering into public-private partnership deals unless the National Treasury is consulted. “The partnerships are so complex that if you don’t have capacity,you can easily be taken for a ride” IMF mission chief for Kenya Mauro Mecagni told the National Assembly in Nairobi. Ten firms have pledged to build offices,solar plants,hospitals and residential areas,among other facilities,in the devolved units under partnership agreements signed since last year 2013.Some of the companies that have struck deals with counties are the Walter Reed Programme,ATN International,GlaxoSmithKline,Lakeside Solar,Good Earth Power,Lion Gate Venture Partners,Organi Limoted and Chase Bank. GlaxoSmithKline,the latest,will spend Sh78 million to build a maternity unit at Kombewa District Hospital in Kisumu County.The agreement was announced on July,2,2014. Good Earth Power,an Oman -based consortium,has pledged the highest amount so far to build a self-sustained urban village in Homa Bay County. A total of sh500 billion will be spent in developing more than 1,000 acres of undeveloped land and turn it into an “agricity.” Construction of the Nyamira County Headquarters at Sironga has been assigned to a Korean firm,ATN International,which will spend sh1 billion on the work. In neighboring Siaya County, a UK-based firm,Lion Gate Venture Partners,has dedicated sh9.6 billion for tilapia fish farming project. In Bomet,the Walter Reed Programme will offer cervical cancer screening under an agreement it has entered into with the county government.At the same time,IMF warned counties against misuse of development money released to them. Mr Mecagni said a number of counties are yet to adhere to regulations safeguarding the use of resources,leading to misallocations.
Reporter: Mr James Ombeo Omwega,PHAP

Magenche - Kenyenya Township

Sugar Factory: Plan to build sugar factory in Homa Bay County gets the nod.Agriculture Cabinet Secretary Felix Koskei has given the go – ahead for the construction of a sh7.5 billion sugar factory in Homa Bay County. The plant,to be constructed at Awich Muga in Gem constituency,will crush 3,000 tonnes of sugar cane per day.”There is enough raw material to keep the factory operational. Reporter: Mr James Ombeo Omwega,PHAP

Magenche - Kenyenya Township

Welfare Infrastructure Projects:  Sh 340 million set aside for roads,aistrip upgrade in Migori.The Migori County Government has allocated Sh340 million for construction of roads,according to Budget estimates.Of that ,Sh216 million will be used to open up new roads.Five new bridges and culverts will be constructed at sh30 million.Construction of nine footbridges will cost sh31.5 million while five bus-parks in the county will be rehabilitated at sh10 million,according to the estimates.
Reporter: Mr James Ombeo Omwega,PHAP

Kebirchi,Boochi,Ogembo

SUGAR FACTORY AT NYANGWETA IN SOUTH  MUGIRANGO- Investors to build Sh20b factories in Kisii County: Indians to set up sugar factory and South African firm eyes recycling ventures in Kisii County Government with good investment climate,political stability,land for industrial development and ready labor and manpower.Investors are putting up factories worth Sh20 billion in Kisii this year.The investments include a sugar factory and a waste management plant. According to Kisii Trade Executive Mr Samuel Osoro Mogeni,an Indian investor will set up the Sh20 billion sugar firm at Nyangweta in South Mugirango.The sugar factory will be a boost to the sugarcane dependent region,which has been struggling due to poor prices and cheap imports that stifles sugarcane sector development. Mr Mogeni said more than 60 acres have already been identified and investors have started construction work.The factory is likely to directly employ at least 600 employees and hundreds of others indirectly as the county moves to address rising unemployment levels in an averagely populated County.The youth constitute a sizable critical component of the unemployed.”Already machines have been shipped in from India and will be hauled to the construction site in the next few weeks” Mr Mogeni said.Early in the week,the County minister led a high-powered committee on investments to inspect the site.”I can assure,we are through with mapping works,beacons have been erected and everything is rolling on well according to plan,” he said.

Reporter: James Ombeo Omwega,BCOM,PHAP

Kinoro,Meru

Meru County To Build 300km Roads Cheaply: New technology has reduced the cost of tarmacking 1Kilometer from Sh70m to Sh30m. Construction of roads using cheap technology from Malasyia has started in Meru County.While a kilometer costs Sh 70 million to tarmac at the current market rates,Probase Standard technology reduces the cost to Sh 30 million.The Malasyian Government will give the County a Sh880 million loan to fund the construction.A 10 kilometer pilot project is complete and won President Uhuru Kenyatta’s praises when toured the Meru County.Meru aims to tarmac 300 kilometers using the technology.Of the 4,000 kilometer road network in Meru,only 550 kilometers are tarmacked.President Kenyatta witnessed Kianjai-Miathene-Mikunduri road being tarmacked using the technology.The tchnology,launched in 1998,is currently being used in 13 countries in the world,including Uganda.Governor Peter Munya,his roads executive Newton Itobi and Probase Manufacturing SDN Company boss Seow Cheng  soon will meet President Kenyatta  to explore the possibility of spreading the technology to other parts of the country.”The President requested we meet him to share more details technology,” Mr Itobi told the Nation.Unlike the normal road construction where two lawyers of road are paved,the new one layer is compressed until no water can penetrate.”The pavement structure is improved to between 150mm-200mm which reduces costs by three times,”Mr Itobi said. The county is waiting for the President’s approval before it can get the loan from Malasyia’s Exim Bank to construct 250 kilometers.”The President inquired about the lifespan of the road,its defect liabilities and bearing capacity and was impressed,”Mr Itobi said.Mr Munya said the development of an extensive road system is at the heart of his development agenda.”My government is banking on major constructions,especially roads for employment of hundreds of jobless youth,”Mr Munya said.

Reporter: Medrine Kagendo Kanampiu

Trade
Magenche - Kenyenya Township

Market Upgrading Project: Traders moved to pave way for market upgrade.The upgrade of the Siaya urban market has begun after traders agreed to be moved elsewhere to pave way for sh2.5 million project.The traders’ leader,Mr Daniel Oyamo,said “Traders were engaged in consultations with the county government before the decision to move them was reached.” Governor Cornel Rasnga said they had set aside sh90 million for the refurbishment and construction of various markets across the county.
Reporter: Mr James Ombeo Omwega,PHAP

Kebirichi - Ogembo Township

Business Ventures:German investors seek Kenya business ventures. A group of German investors is exploring business opportunities in Kenya and the rest of East African region. The delegation,under the Federation of German Industries and Commerce,was led by former President Horst Kohler and will held talks with the Kenya business community and regional authorities at the East Africa German Business Summit (EAGBS) that was held in Nairobi. Thw meeting was opened by Deputy President William Ruto.Other senior government officials who attended included the Nairobi County Governor and Cabinet Secretary Foreign Affairs.The East African Community was represented by secretary-general Richard Sezibera. The aim of EAGBS was to give a new impetus to German business ties in Kenya and East African region.There were already 100 German companies operating in Kenya,with Bosch and KHS having recently set up offices. The summit was organized by Federation of German Industries and Commerce,Kenya Private Sector Alliance,Kenya Association of Manufacturers,East Africa Business Council and Kenya Investment Authority.
Reporter: Mr James Ombeo Omwega,PHAP

Magenche - Kenyenya Township

Market Upgrading Project: Traders moved to pave way for market upgrade.The upgrade of the Siaya urban market has begun after traders agreed to be moved elsewhere to pave way for sh2.5 million project.The traders’ leader,Mr Daniel Oyamo,said “Traders were engaged in consultations with the county government before the decision to move them was reached.” Governor Cornel Rasnga said they had set aside sh90 million for the refurbishment and construction of various markets across the county.
Reporter: Mr Damaris Kemunto Moruri

Gender
Kebirichi - Ogembo Township

Living and Growth Initiatives:Widows and orphans matter to Roseline Orwa who grew up in the small village in Wagoma,Bondo District,Siaya County.The 39 years old has always been an outstanding pupil.She performed well in her secondary school,enough to earn her a spot at Kenyatta University for an education degree.But she turned down this coveted opportunity,which was rare in her village.So she enrolled for a diploma in graphic design at the Kenya Polytechnic instead. She married twice and in her second marriage she became a widow,lonely and depressed.She formed a group of 20 women who were widows and had challenges and experienced humiliation and losing  all the property,including money left by their husbands,to their in-laws and to a larger extent suffered emotional physical abuse. In 2012,she registered Roma Foundation that is an organization that targets bereaved spouses with the main aim of helping them to cope with the loss of a partner. She bought land at her rural village and constructed Wagoma Orphans and Widows Center which now home to 36 orphans,and has a daily feeding programmme for  166 children in the area.Thirty eight  of these are on ARVs,so she has to provide a special diet.On weekends,the center feeds more than 300 children.She also started a nursery school at the center,and enrolled some orphans in a nearby primary school.The school charges 120 shillings per month,per child and she pays for over 100 children.The center also supports more than 60 widows – teaching them  how to  set up income – generating livelihoods activities that will help them support themselves.In return the  women prepare meals for the children and help feed the young ones,while the older children wash dishes and clean the center. Each woman is required to put in at least two hours of work at the center daily. The center grow vegetables  and keep poultry, and it is Roseline’s vision  to see it become fully self-sustaining.Right now,she  still has to go back to her pocket to keep the center going.She needs funding to help manage the center and development requisite infrastructure.The women also help each other out. ” A woman who refuses t be”cleansed” and inherited is often rejected and shunned by her relatives.If she  is unable to financially support herself,her house will fall apart,yet no one will help her – some women’s houses are badly in need of repair.For these, she provides the roofing materials,then as a group they build her a decent house.So far they have built houses for 12 widows.” But this is not all, every month six months,Roseline organizes a medical camp at the center,in collaboration with interested health partners. “Wagoma Village is very remote ,and residents are just beginning to understand the importance of family planning,and how to protect themselves from HIV and Aids epidemic”What is impressive of what Roseline has achieved  is that she has no outside funding.She yet to receive funding even though she has written quite a number of proposals to various organizations – she has learnt that genuine help is hard to come by.For instance, at one organization,the contact person told her he would only approve her proposal on condition that she gives him a 50% .In another, she was asked for sexual favors.  But she has  no intention of going down that route,because, as she points out,she has managed to come this far with just faith,and a little money,so it can only get better. The support group that she initiated in Nairobi meets once a month.Also,she has set up similar 10 widow support groups in Wagoma.Each month,she spends two weeks in Nairobi,and the other two in Bondo.She explains that she has put in place structures where meetings can go on in absence.Roseline’s greatest dream is to establish widows and orphans centers in every county in the country through a self- sustainable model.
Reporter: Mr Damaris Kemunto Moruri

Kebirichi - Ogembo Township

Sanitary Project: Sanitary towels project for poor girls launched. Access to education for girls from poor families is expected to improve with the launch of a sh30 million sanitary towel provision programme.About 300,000public primary and secondary school girls will benefit.With the funding of at least 600,000 packets will be bought,based on the current price of sh50,studies show that most girls miss about three days of their active study time every month.”We need to improve the status of poor households by making children get education,” said Mr Stephen Kihara,the Ndundori Member of County Assembly. Reporter: Mr James Ombeo Omwega, PHAP

Environment

Villages

“Elephants are still being killed in Kenya for their tusks. I realized that an alternative for employment needs to be provided for the poachers and the poachers need to be able to receive the education needed for them to want to protect the elephants. Many people in the world would like to help the Elephants survive and help the poachers find new ways to make money that is better for all of life.
Reporter:  Ms.  Gayle Bowers

Nairobi

Environmental management and Sustainability: Sh13 billion to upgrade major dump sites in Nairobi County.it will cost sh13 billion to convert the Dandora dump site into a fully-fledged waste recycling plant,Governor Evans Kidero has said.The project will be funded by Japan International Co-operation Agency(JICA) and have its final disposal point in Ruai.In the statement,the governor’s office confirmed it had submitted an environment assessment report for the 43.5 hectares in Dandora and Ruai sites to the National Environmental Management Authority.” The technology we intend to use poses a danger to in and out-bound airplanes,(the risk of) collision with birds will be completely minimized.It will also put measures to curb toxic gas emissions” The project is also expected to create hundreds of jobs,reduce interdependence and revamp economic development in the household levels.

Reporter: Medrine Kagendo Kanampiu

Kebirichi -Ogembo, Kenya

I am looking for more details re this project and the larger afforestation program in Kenya.
Kenya

Kebirichi – Ogembo Township

Afforestation

State in 130m tree plan for conservation. The government plans to plant 130 million trees countrywide this financial year for environmental conservation.According to the Senior Assistant Director of Kenya Forestry Services,five major water towers which have less forest cover would be target4d during the planting exercise. He cited Mount Kenya, Mau, Aberdare,Cherengani and Mount Elgon as the five forests whic need to be rehabilitated.

Reporter: S Jacob Scherr

MUJI

The Bungoma County has an area of 3,032.2 sq. Km and lies between 1,200 and 1,800 meters above sea level and experiences mean temperatures of 23 degrees centigrade. Its latitude stands at 0.57 with the longitude of 34.56. The population of Bungoma is estimated at 1,630,934 (as projected in 2009) of which female constitute 52% while male are 48%. Age percentage distribution stands at; 0-14 years 45.9 %, 15-64 years 51.4 % and over 65 years 2.3%.
The region has a population density of 453.5 people per sq. Km with a national percentage of 3.6%. Poverty level index stand at 53% while age dependency ration is at 93.8.
The ecosystem degradation caused by erosion, overgrazing, deforestation, growing of crops on sloping land, contamination, organic matter& nutrient depletion among others. Land degradation is a serious problem .Properly implemented EbA projects have the potential to deliver benefits for local communities including food security, shelter , risk reductions, freshwater and medicine supply and local climate regulation. Healthy revegated river banks, and road reserves defend against erosion and soil stability.To fight deforestation , reclaim degraded reserves, overuse of chemicals.
Engage in policy formulation & implementation for sustainable farming practices.
Improving water efficiency, support adaptation measures by all actors.
Raising awareness, promoting organic farming, encourage compositing , planting local tree species.

Reporter: LUKE  KAPCHANGA

Kebirchi,Boochi,Ogembo

Waste Management Plant:The Kisii County Trade Executive Mr Samuel Osoro Mogeni,has further revealed that he is set to lead a highly powerful and well meaning delegation to Italy to explore how Enersi,an Italian Consortium,manages waste.The firm is set to launch operations in the County.”There are tons of garbage that may become a headache later if we do not manage it well and timely,” he said.Enersi has rolled out a similar project in South Africa.”We want this firm to process fertilizer,which will lower the cost of the input and boost high yield to lessen the gap of food insufficiency in the County.In addition,,they can generate power by recycling the garbage,boosting power output,” the minister authoritatively said.Mr Mogeni also said an invest conference will be held in April 2015 to showcase investment opportunities and potentials in the peaceful and economic development oriented county to lure more investors to the region.”A committee has already been formed to work out modalities ahead of the key conference which will be held in Kisii,”Mr Mogeni said.Though the event was scheduled for an earlier date, the county did not have cash to hold it. A predominantly rural economy,Kisii County poverty level currently stands at 49.3%,above the national rate of 47%. Only 2 % of the burgeoning population is in formal employment while 56.5% are engaged in the largely unregulated informal sector,Governor James ongwae recently said the county needs to revamp the decaying infrastructure.Most bypass roads constructed six years ago have peeled off,highlighting the challenge that Mr Ongwae is grappling with.”The rehabilitation of roads is an urgent priority,first within the Kisii,first within the Kisii town then the rural areas,”the governor said.Mr Ongwae said regular maintenance of roads and expanding the existing network will allow farmers to access their clients easily and at an affordable cost.”We are targeting 500 kilometers of roads in the next two years” he said.

Reporter: James Ombeo Omwega,BCOM,PHAP

Kebirichi,Boochi, Ogembo Township

IBM researchers will collect data of the five million residents in Nairobi County, map garbage collection routes and connect them to mobile application monitored from a main office server.
“This signifies how IBM as an American Company is investing big in Africa with a focus on enterprise and job creation. The sectors we are assisting in the country are transport, technology and agriculture” said IBM Research Africa Vice-President Dr Kamal Bhattacharya.
Before embarking on the project, IBM conducted a research that revealed Nairobi as one of the most congested cities in the world. This is partly the reason why garbage collection has been headache to the county. The county government data shows that over five million people live in Nairobi currently.
Nairobi County Executive Committee Member for Environment Evans ondieki,who is playing a key role in the roll-out of the new garbage collection plan, says the initiative will give the city a new, gleaming face.
“Our plan is to attract foreign direct investments through a clean, well organized city that knows how to manage solid waste and has proper planning” said Mr Ondieki.
An effort to organize the city’s garbage collection in 2010 through Japan International Cooperation Agency (Jica) funding failed. Jica, through the county survey, cited insufficient funds for the city’s failure t implement the clean-up plan. The agency also stresses the need for a legal framework for the public-private partnership investments. Jica outlined what must be done to make Nairobi “as neat and functional as other global capitals”

Reporter: James Ombeo Omwega,BCOM,PHAP

Bungoma

Unsustainable use of wetlands undermining their capacity to mitigate climate change impacts , Unsustainable use of natural resources ,high poverty levels.
Communities have limited access to communal services ,absence of awareness, education, and advocacy of climate change impacts and adaptation measures Lack of information generation capacity to inform decision-making .
Absence or lack of information and knowledge management to support adaptation to climate change .
No systematic recording of climate and socio-economic data to inform decision-making .

Reporter: Luke  Kapchanga

Agriculture & Rural Development

Tala Kangundo-Machakos

Reforestation project in the North of Cameroon:

Food insecurity in Tala Kangundo-Machakos County in Kenya and adjacent areas due to lack of sufficient trainings to farmer groups,poor quality of seeds,Inadequate rainfall coupled with Poor farming techniques and inadequate quality and quantity of arable land leading to low production of food to sustain the community

Reporter: Mbegera Jezreel

Turkwell

Reforestation project in the North of Cameroon:

Turkwell Irrigation Project: The Kenya Government to launch Turkwell irrigation project.The government is preparing a master-plan for a 700,000 acres irrigation project to be launched in 2015 along the Turkwell belt that stretches four counties to improve food production and enhance food security,create jobs and other livelihoods ,Deputy President William Ruto has said.The Deputy President has disclosed that Indian investors have expressed interest in the project aimed at providing  the mainly pastoralist communities in West Pokot,Baringo,Keiyo,Marakwet and Turkana Counties with jobs,a ready supply of food for consumption and for sale to other food -deficient counties.He has stated that the plan is in top-gear and all county chiefs are being engaged by top government officials seeking for their support for the project that is aimed at helping locals transform their traditional practice of keeping livestock.”we need to address the issue of cattle-rustling in the entire region once and for all,This nonsense that claims lives must come to an end.It is primitive and unacceptable in this era,” he has said.

Reporter: Medrine Kagendo Kanampiu

Nairobi

KESSFF is a grassroot village based network of Small Scale farmers (SSFs) born out the UN World Summit on Sustainable Development (WWSSD02 ) held ij Jorgburg South Africa in August 2002.
We bring together SSFs to articulate issues affecting us namely domestic and global policies,
domestic and international market access, SSFs friendly credit all this is view of fighting poverty which is rampant amongst us.
We wish these issues address by Global Governments and all organisations that care about poverty eradication.

Reporter: Justus Lavi Mwololo

NANDI COUNTY

Agribusiness mentorship of rural women for economic and social empowerment: Rural Women in Kenya lack access to resources due to low levels of education,lack of funding, low gender awareness, limited mentorship programmes, and low accessibility to information. This is due to the fact that women are responsible in the management of the family and the farm activities but does not decide on the the utilization of the outcomes of the farm.Access to education is limited and women‘s educational pursuits are often not encouraged. Instead, as mentioned above, early in life women are expected to take on the responsibilities of caring and supporting their family (for example, taking care of their parents or assisting in earning money to pay for the children’s school fees). These responsibilities can be quite heavy and often deny women important experience and access to strategic information.Women often do not complete higher levels of education because they have children at a young age.Current laws in Kenya make inheritance and accumulation of wealth more difficult for women, hence severely limiting the ability to invest or save as their financial resources are a derivative of their lack of control or ownership of property. Men tend to control more of the family financial resources and can receive more financial support from the community. This therefore calls for support for mentoring these rural women by   transforming their mindset from subsistence to entrepreneurship which then empowers them economically and socially. if this happens, dependency on the man’s pocket is minimized hence improving their decision making on resource allocation and access to strategic information, and also be able to mentor the girl child.

In the Nandi community , women are economically and socially in-empowered. As a result of this, we have a crop of women who actually have un- exploited potential in the arena of rural development. If these women could be mentored to transform their subsistence activities to business then we could be sure of developing the community. children would be going to school, improved family nutrition and the general livelihood improved. The decision making ability and skills would also be enhanced as an empowered person.

Reporter: REBECCA CHEPTOO CHIRCHIR

Marakwet

Cherangany hills complex requires urgent conservation campaign and a strategy to train the community conserve one of Kenyas five major water towers .
Unless the community livelihoods is enhanced,there will be merciless destruction of the forest that has helped peasants for generations.
We will address conservation and address livelihood promotion for health and poverty alleviation through interventions that are local innovations.

Reporter: Justine Toroitich Kurui

Kisumu

More Pledges For Sugar Research In Kenya: EU pledges Sh300 million for sugar research.The European Union has pledged Sh300 million to improve sugar research in the country.Agriculture Cabinet Secretary Felix Koskei has  said. Mr Koskei said that the Sugar Research Institute had also received  an additional Sh80 million from the sugar directorate for seed multiplication and distribution to farmers.Speaking in Kisumu,he said the initiatives will help make the sugar industry competitive.

Reporter: Medrine Kagendo Kanampiu

Natural Disaster

Nairobi

Japan Fund On Disaster Management: Kenya to tap into Sh360bn Japan fund.Kenya is among the countries that will benefit fromSh360 billion (US$4 billion) set aside by the Japanese Government to help countries cope with disasters. Foreign Affairs Cabinet Secretary Amina Mohamed said Kenya would benefit immensely from the wealth of knowledge and technology in disaster prevention and management that Japan has accumulated over the years. “Drought,famine and floods have been recurring disasters in Kenya,mainly affecting communities whose settlements and livelihoods are vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change,”said Ms Mohamed.The Cabinet Secretary was accompanying President Uhuru Kenyatta in the ongoing third United Nations Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction being held in Japan. Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said his government had set aside US$ 4 billion to help countries cope with disasters.”Japan will train over40,000 government officials and local leaders to play a leading role in national disaster risk reduction,” said Mr Abe. Disaster risk reduction is the subject of the conference which was attended by over 15 world leaders in Tohuku,Japan

Reporter: Medrine Kagendo Kanampiu

Poverty

Bungoma County kenya

56% of the the total population in Kenya stay below the poverty line either feed once or nil in a day.Many of them stay in the rural villages whereby most NGOs do not reach them.
-the Government have laid own wonderful strategies but still the gap between the rich and poor widens.The marginalized will never be reached.In Bungoma you cant pass three homes without finding children loitering ,they never go to school neither have food.The baseline done by women without borders kenya says.

Reporter: Medrine Kagendo Kanampiu

Bungoma

JATONET is a legally registered Community Based Organization in Kenya founded in 2007 with an extensive coverage in the entire Bungoma County through its 30 volunteers based group networks in the 9 Sub-Counties. As an award winning solution based organization, it focuses on Environmental Conservation, Eco-Tourism, social-cultural diversity and Green energy. JATONET collaborates with NEMA-National Environment Management Authority, County’s strategic planners on environmentally sustainable projects integrated with economic, social and cultural sustainability. It anchors its work and mandate on the Country’s new constitution, where the Bill of Rights mandates each citizen to enjoy their rights. In this regard JATONET with its dedicated team of professionals works with County Governments, rural families, women, children, community, self help groups, CSOs, donors and other development agencies to ensure the community rights are upheld and rights to basic services such as clean water, good health and sustainable livelihoods are available for even the rural poor and other vulnerable groups at an affordable cost. Other guiding threshold is contained in Rio 2000, Copenhagen, MDG Carbon and MDG 7.

Reporter: Joseph Chengoli

Bukhaywa, Kakamega county

Computer Skills are being given to the poor women and girls of the community. (www.kakamegawomentelecentre.org) agriculture projects are running

We are in the process of giving sewing and knitting skils too.

Reporter: Rhobai Musimbi

Kerio Valley-Baringo County-kenya

Call to funding of initiatives to avert possible oil related conflict in Kenya
Kenya Community Health Network is working towards disease prevention, poverty reduction, and peace in respect to fundamental human rights in all communities. Our determination is to improve health and the socio-economic wellbeing of individuals, families, and communities.
I am making this critical call for financial support for our organization to carry out civic education and peace building engagement, sensitization, awareness, advocacy and dialogue in the marginalized Kerio Valley communities in Kenya where Oil and gas exploration is being undertaken as further extension oil blocks from Turkana, the communities of Kerio Valley,the areas currently under high level of oil exploration in Kenya is are at great unease .
Having very clear indicator of the over seventy percent percentage probability to strike more viable oil and gas according to Oil exploring companies, the people of Kerio Valley in Rift Valley because of lack of clear background knowledge on the potential conflict causes in the current conflict oil producing nations and its similarities to the underlying issues they are now raising that are greatest and probable contributors to fueling conflict in coming days is our great concern.
The gross violations of the rights of the marginalized and poor communities are currently taking shape in so many forms.
The violations include:
Denial of equitable access to socio-economic Justice and benefits
It is several decades that the people along kerio valley have been left deliberately by past government regimes from acquiring ownership of land and more in the indecent assault of their dignity by declaring their land wild life zones areas without asking for their consent and input and if any by compromised individuals who are paid to do so. Often the acceptance was out of intimidation and force to the people citing their poverty and inability to voice their rights because of their weakness. All leaders over the years have neglected and acted deaf to all calls to make the people settle rightly at their land of inheritance and let them be consulted and respected in providing lasting solutions.
There are allegations and strong believes by the local community that the state was aware since Kenya’s independence of the potential of the Valley and to pave was for scramble by the powerful political correct persons, development was intentionally retarded in these areas because of its vast mineral, oil and gas potential.
There was clear understanding of its touristic attractions and thus all avoidance to issue titles was to be time bomb. It is however sad that in places like fluorspar mining, powers took over community land which is now fully and powerfully owned by powerful companies run by powerfully political correct persons.
Because of Greed, resources is selfishly harvested or exploited to benefit the most powerful and the mighty few. The community due to the dictatorial systems of Governance found it difficult to bring forth their arguments, demand and rights in fear of punitive action against them.
Livelihoods and health is compromised and perpetuated poverty because land value and use is made ancient and unfruitful and dangers to human life have been increasing over years in many forms.
Wild life destroy personal property as plant, crops without compensation and actually the people became fully immersed into the wild as wild people and wild life.
The Trent recently repeated when oil explored traversed personal property without adequately compensating or failing to totally compensate which is a copy of the historical trend the community is subsequently subjected to.
Currently, under the openings in the new constitution, the people still are not aware of all avenues to access Justice and redress and if aware are less equipped with understanding of political, legal and social cultural approaches that are in line with the fundamental constitutional rights both national and international laws.
As a civil society organization, support to carry out clear sensitization, awareness and support clear possible legally acceptable documentation is our big concern. We need resources to facilitate our efforts and our mandate to help the people seek soci economic Justice from the government and all existing systems.
The Freedom of expression, Right to Protection by state, right to earn a decent living etc remain a futile dream if the communities right to air their views, to be heard and to be protected by the state is not respected. I am making my valid point that without organizations having interest on this cause will be a big loss and a backward move in the civil society sphere. It is a plea to all supporting bodies to reduce their bureaucratic channels and high level critiquing on proposal and check on our call on point of reason to avoid academic write ups in future that will never solve any problem that are currently underway that only require mitigation measures that are clear focused into future conflict avoidance by creating long term solutions now.
I make this plea simple and all those concerned and would like to support right processes by the state and all actors to come in aid of all communities who have their voices weakened by powerful systems.
With thanks,
Yours faithfully,
Justine T. Kurui,
Director of Programs
Kenya Community Health Network

Reporter: Justine Toroitich Kurui

Public Sector

Kinoro,Meru

Kenya arrests 77 Chinese nationals in cybercrime raids
Police find equipment capable of infiltrating bank accounts and cash machines in raids on homes in upmarket area of Nairobi
An M-Pesa store in Nairobi, Kenya. The mobile banking system was targeted by the cybercrime gang, say police. Photograph: Bloomberg/Bloomberg via Getty Images
Agence France-Presse in Nairobi

Friday 5 December 2014 08.23 GMTLast modified on Friday 5 December 201409.04 GMT
Kenyan police have arrested 77 Chinese nationals on suspicion of running a cybercrime centre from homes in an upmarket area of the capital, Nairobi.
Officers believe the gang had been preparing to hack the country’s communication systems.
The Daily Nation newspaper said equipment capable of infiltrating bank accounts, Kenya’s M-Pesa mobile banking system and cash machines were discovered after a series of raids. “The suspects are being interrogated to establish their mission in the country and what they wanted to do with the communication gadgets. They have been charged in court,” said the director of Kenya’s criminal investigation department, Ndegwa Muhoro.
“We want to do a thorough investigation over the matter and we are currently working on their travel documents,” added police spokeswoman Zipporah Mboroki. Police said many of those detained appear to have been in the country illegally.
A detective close to the case said the raids were triggered by a police investigation into a house fire in which one person died. The source said the charges levelled against the 77 include “being in the country illegally and operating radio equipment” without the necessary permits.
According to the national Standard newspaper, the Chinese nationals were living in military-style dormitories.
Kenya’s foreign minister, Amina Mohamed, “made it clear that the Chinese government should fully cooperate on this matter”, the communications minister, Fred Matiang’i, said. “China promised to send investigators to work with ours on this matter.” China’s ambassador Kenya has been summoned to explain if his government was aware of the group’s activities.
The Standard said preliminary investigations had revealed that the group was making microchips for ATM cards, and that it also “ran a command centre whose activities are yet to be established”.
The homes were reportedly in the northern Nairobi suburb of Runda, close to Gigiri, an area that is home to the UN headquarters, US embassy and other political organisations.
The affair is a rare sign of tension wtih China, a major investor in Kenya’s infrastructure and communications networks. President Uhuru Kenyatta previously described the country as “an honorable partner” for east Africa’s largest economy.

Reporter: Medrine Kagendo Kanampiu

Science & Technology

Siaya

Mining: Siaya woos firms to exploit minerals.Governor Cornel Rasanga has complained over lack of technology to map,explore and exploit Siaya county’s vast mineral resources.He has said Siaya is endowed with vast mineral resources,especially gold,which is found in almost corners of the county.Production is done by artisan miners,who work under poor conditions using rudimentary technologies that expose them to environmental and health hazards.”We invite prospective investors and partners to help us with appropriate technologies that we can use to exploit these resources”the governor said when launch of Law and Environmental Governance (ILEG) and Siaya Community Resource Center. Canadian High Commissioner David Angell said Canadian mining multinationals were willing to assist with necessary mining resources.

Reporter: Medrine Kagendo Kanampiu

Naorobi, counties

Kenya is experiencing a growing number of cyber crimes that threaten national security, Information, communications and technology infrastructure as well as citizens privacy. The country losing an estimated 2 billion shillings ($23.3 million) annually through cyber crime.

Kinoro, Meru

Cybercrime In Kenya:

Kenya arrests 77 Chinese nationals in cybercrime raids
Police find equipment capable of infiltrating bank accounts and cash machines in raids on homes in upmarket area of Nairobi
An M-Pesa store in Nairobi, Kenya. The mobile banking system was targeted by the cybercrime gang, say police. Photograph: Bloomberg/Bloomberg via Getty Images
Agence France-Presse in Nairobi

Friday 5 December 2014 08.23 GMTLast modified on Friday 5 December 201409.04 GMT
Kenyan police have arrested 77 Chinese nationals on suspicion of running a cybercrime centre from homes in an upmarket area of the capital, Nairobi.
Officers believe the gang had been preparing to hack the country’s communication systems.
The Daily Nation newspaper said equipment capable of infiltrating bank accounts, Kenya’s M-Pesa mobile banking system and cash machines were discovered after a series of raids. “The suspects are being interrogated to establish their mission in the country and what they wanted to do with the communication gadgets. They have been charged in court,” said the director of Kenya’s criminal investigation department, Ndegwa Muhoro.
“We want to do a thorough investigation over the matter and we are currently working on their travel documents,” added police spokeswoman Zipporah Mboroki. Police said many of those detained appear to have been in the country illegally.
A detective close to the case said the raids were triggered by a police investigation into a house fire in which one person died. The source said the charges levelled against the 77 include “being in the country illegally and operating radio equipment” without the necessary permits.
According to the national Standard newspaper, the Chinese nationals were living in military-style dormitories.
Kenya’s foreign minister, Amina Mohamed, “made it clear that the Chinese government should fully cooperate on this matter”, the communications minister, Fred Matiang’i, said. “China promised to send investigators to work with ours on this matter.” China’s ambassador Kenya has been summoned to explain if his government was aware of the group’s activities.
The Standard said preliminary investigations had revealed that the group was making microchips for ATM cards, and that it also “ran a command centre whose activities are yet to be established”.
The homes were reportedly in the northern Nairobi suburb of Runda, close to Gigiri, an area that is home to the UN headquarters, US embassy and other political organisations.
The affair is a rare sign of tension wtih China, a major investor in Kenya’s infrastructure and communications networks. President Uhuru Kenyatta previously described the country as “an honorable partner” for east Africa’s largest economy.

Reporter: Medrine Kagendo Kanampiu

Kebirichi,Boochi, Ogembo Township, counties

TOUGH NEW RULES FORCE ALL INTERNET USERS TO LIST THEIR GADGETS:
Kenyans using Wi-Fi to connect to the Internet in public places will be required to register their mobile devices with the Kenya Network Information Center (Kenic), under new rules aimed at fighting cybercrime.
The customers will be required to provide their telephone numbers and identity card details, which can be used to track them down should they use their gadgets to commit cybercrimes such as fraud or hacking websites.
The gadgets that must be registered include laptops, mobile phones, iPads, e-readers and any other devices that can be used at a public Wi-Fi hot spot such as hotels and restaurants.
This implies that addition to registering the SIM cards in the gadgets with either safaricom, Airtel or Telkom Kenya, people who use Wi-Fi will be required to register their devices at the point where they access the Internet, be it in hotels, restaurants, offices and public transport vehicles. The director-general of the Communications Authority of Kenya, Mr Francis Wanguisi, gave the new directive after taking over as the new chairman of Association of Regulators of Information and communications for Eastern and Southern Africa (Aricea), the organization mandated to fight cybercrime with the Comesa region. “We will license Kenic to register device owners using their national identity cards and telephone numbers, the identity of a device will be known when it connects to Wi-Fi” Mr Wangusi said at the annual general meeting held in Nairobi.
Failure by any establishment to adhere to the rules will compel Kenic to withdraw the Wi-Fi services used by the defaulting institutions.”In case a crime is committed, we will then be able to trace people using national identity cards that were registered and their phone numbers keyed in during registration” said Mr Wangusi. The Communications Authority is also setting up a forensic laboratory to detect and neutralize impending cyber attacks.
Mr Wangusi said the authority will conduct a detailed study on the extent of web hackings in Kenya. According to him, cybercattacks were on the rise, with the banking sector being the biggest victim followed by government institutions.
The new rules will also require all Kenyan companies to host their websites in the country rather than outside. This would help avoid extra costs associated with sending data out to a different location and back again to the website owner.
Dr Abu Dafalla, the Comesa Director for Infrastructure, said that Kenya now leads in pushing the cybercrime agenda in the region. “Criminals are carrying out illegal activities on the web and we must protect the region even as we focus on trade. A secure cyberspace will retain revenue loss. Credit card fraud alone is estimated at $37 billion annually in the region” he said.
Mrs. Devi Chand, the outgoing Africea chairman, said the proposed regulations will ensure reliable, affordable and effective Internet services within the 19 Comesa countries.

Reporter: James Ombeo Omwega,PHAP

Social Development

Boochi-Kebirichi,Ogembo

Cyber Crime in Kenya – africa Perspective

Kenya is experiencing a growing number of cyber crimes that threaten national security, Information, communications and technology infrastructure as well as citizens privacy. The country losing an estimated 2 billion shillings ($23.3 million) annually through cyber crime.
What is cyber crime?
Cyber crime is a crime dealing with computers and networks whereby a computer is the subject of the crime e.g hacking or used as a tool to commit offense e.g child pornography.
Cyber terrorism.
Cyber terrorism is defined as a politically motivated crime. The government’s inability to protect vital systems makes the internet a battlefield.
Cyber space.
This is the domain generated from the interconnection between the computers and telecommunication networks in order to store modify and exchange data via networked systems and associated physical infrastructures without regard to physical geography.
Cyber security.
Cyber refers to the technologies and processes designed to protect computer networks and data from unauthorized access, vulnerabilities and attacks delivered via the internet by cyber criminals.
Cyber bullying.
Cyber bullying is the use of electronic communication to bully a person typically by sending messages of an intimidating or threatening nature.
Cyber criminal.
A cyber criminal is an individual who commits cyber crimes, where he/she makes use of the computer either as a tool or as a target or as both.
Types of Cyber Crimes.
There are many types of cyber crimes, some of them include;
Hacking: This is a type of crime where a person’s computer is broken into so that his/her personal or sensitive information can be accessed. In this case the criminal uses a variety of software to enter a person’s computer and the person may not be aware that his/her computer is being accessed from a remote location.
Theft: This crime occurs when a person violates the copyright act no.12 of 2001 and downloads music, movies, games and software on the internet.
Cyber Stalking: This is a kind of online harassment where the victim is subjected to a barrage of online messages and emails. Typically, these stalkers know their victims and instead of resorting to offline stalking, they use the Internet to stalk.
Identity Theft: This has become a major problem with people using the Internet for cash transactions and banking services.A criminal accesses data about a person’s bank account, credit cards, Social media, debit card and other sensitive information to siphon money or to buy things online in the victim’s name.
Malicious Software: These are Internet-based software or programs that are used to disrupt a network. The software is used to gain access to a system to steal sensitive information or data or causing damage to software present in the system.
Child pornography and abuse: This is a type of cyber crime where cyber criminals solicit minors via chat rooms on various social media networks for the purpose of child pornography.
Causes of Cyber Crime
When the rate of return on investment is high and the risk is low, you are bound to find people willing to take advantage of the situation. This is exactly what happens in cyber crimes thus accessing sensitive information and data and using it means a rich harvest of returns and catching these cyber criminals becomes difficult. This has led to a rise in cyber crimes in Kenya and the rest of the world as well.
History of Cyber Crime
When computers and networks came into being in the 1990s, hacking was done basically to get more information about the systems. Hackers even competed against one another to win the tag of the best hacker. As a result, many networks were affected; right from the military to commercial organizations. Initially, these hacking attempts were brushed off as mere nuisance as they did not pose a long-term threat. However, with malicious software being used a lot during the same period, hacking started making networks and systems slow. As hackers became more skillful, they started using their knowledge and expertise to gain benefit by exploiting and victimizing others.
Cyber Crime in Modern Society.
Today, cyber criminals that indulge in cyber crimes are not driven by ego or expertise. Instead, they want to use their knowledge to gain benefits quickly. They are using their expertise to steal, deceive and exploit people as they find it easy to earn money without having to do an honest day’s work.
Cyber crimes have become a real threat today and are quite different from old-school crimes, such as robbing, mugging or stealing. Unlike these crimes, cyber crimes can be committed single handedly and does not require the physical presence of the criminals. The same systems that have made it easier for people to conduct e-commerce and online transactions are now being exploited by these criminals.
The attacks are sometimes a combination if amateurs and seasoned hackers who might just be doing it for fun, to prove a point or with a criminal intent.
Categories of Cyber Crime.
Cyber crimes are broadly categorized into three categories, namely crime against
1. Individual
2. Property
3. Government
Each category can use a variety of methods and the methods used vary from one criminal to another.
Individual: This type of cyber crime can be in the form of cyber stalking, distributing pornography, trafficking and identity theft.
Property: In this case, they can steal a person’s bank details and steal money to make numerous purchases online, set up a scam to get people to part with their hard earned money, use malicious software to gain access to an organization’s website or disrupt the systems of the organization.
Government: Although not as common as the other two categories, crimes against a government is also referred to as cyber terrorism In this category, criminals hack government websites, military websites or circulate propaganda. The perpetrators can be terrorist outfits or unfriendly governments of other nations.
How to Tackle Cyber Crime.
Cyber criminals tend to work together to improve their skills and even help out each other with new opportunities. Hence, the usual methods of fighting crime cannot be used against cyber criminals. Efforts to arrest and prosecute suspects are being hampered by lack of effective laws and the methods used by cyber criminals and technology keeps changing too quickly. The Kenyan government and firms should therefore keep up with the current technologies and incorporate them in the fight against cyber crime.

Reporter: James Ombeo Omwega,PHAP

Kebirichi,Boochi, Ogembo Township

NAIROBI, Kenya, September, 28th 2015

Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) are now urging world leaders to commit themselves in implementing the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) launched in New York on Saturday.
They specifically urged states and governments to implement the new Global Goals which seek to end poverty, inequality and tackle climate change.
“The world is getting better. In 1990, almost 13 million children died, almost all of them from preventable causes. This number has dropped by more than half. And the rate of improvement is actually increasing. In Sub Saharan Africa, for example, child mortality is going down five times faster now than it was 20 years ago, “Melinda Gates, Co-Chair of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation said ahead of the summit that adopted the SDGs in New York.
“One reason for this progress is that the MDGs helped align the world behind a few key priorities. The SDGs are our best chance to build on this momentum and help the poorest keep building better futures,” she added.
In Kenya, Save the Children Campaign Manager Bill Kembo urged ordinary people to also come forward in supporting their governments address poverty.
According to Kembo only through commitment to implement that the 17 SDGs that will benefit people.
“We all came together to LightTheWay and call on leaders to turn the Goals from words on paper into real change.
To do this, world leaders must make bold commitments at the UNGA to implement the Goals” added Kembo.
Meanwhile, the Global Compact Network Kenya has commended UN General Assembly for adopting the 17 SDGs that now replaces MDGs.
“The global goals will provide a powerful aspiration for improving our world laying out where we collectively need to go and how to get there.” said Network Representative and KAM Chief Executive, Phyllis Wakiaga.
In her view the 17 goals have encapsulated an important framework that will address poverty, inequality, injustice and the protection of the planet over the next 15 years.
“The Global Compact Kenya is dedicated to translating the SDGs for businesses locally and helping companies understand how they can leverage these goals to drive good practices and growth opportunities,” she added.
She further emphasized on the need for an inclusive approach which engages private sector players closely to ensure a comprehensive approach that will support implementation of the 17 goals

Reporter: James Ombeo Omwega,PHAP

Trade

Kebirchi,Boochi,Ogembo

Mombasa Port Development Project (Phase 2):Japan International Cooperation Agency – JICA provides Financial Assistance for the infrastructural development by applying Japanese technology to construct at the largest international port in East Africa to expand intraregional trade.The signing of agreement by the Japan International Cooperation Agency(JICA) and the Kenya Ports Authority(KPA) to provide a Japanese Official Development Assistance (ODA) Loan for the project of Mombasa port Development (phase 2) marks a major milestone in regional trade promotion.This ODA loan of up to 32.116 billion yen ( approximately KES. 24 billion) is the largest financial support since JICA commenced cooperation with Kenya in 1963.The project will construct Bert 22 to expand the new container terminal and provide cargo-handling equipment at the port of Mombasa,in response to the increasing demand for cargo volume. It will  also make port management more efficient. Container traffic has been on the rise recently with the volume handled at the port tripling over the past decade from 300,000 TEUs (twenty-foot equivalent units)in 2002 to 1 million TEUs in 2014,with a projection of more than 2.6 million TEUs in 2005. JICA is now implementing Mombasa Port Development Project,phase1 under an ODA loan to construct a new container terminal expected to be completed by march 2016. Advanced Japanese Technology and management methods will be applied to the project (phase 2) as well as phase 1.Because the foundation where the terminal is being built is soft,there are difficulties in construction which will be addressed using special steel materials and ground engineering,outstanding technologies of Japan. In addition to the port development,there are other projects that JICA is supporting in Mombasa area.The construction of Dongo Kundu Bypass/Bridge and the study of SEZ master plan are now on-going.Revision of Mombasa port master plan is also being carried out,which will see a comprehensive port investment plan including the Freeport at Dongo Kundu area.Japan has just started the Assistance to support Mombasa County to formulate a City-wide urban master plan on the Northern Corridor.All these projects are critical and complementary to each other.At the 5th Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD V), the Government of Japan set “Accelerating Infrastructure and Capacity Development” as a prioritized agenda,and is focusing on corridor development to contribute to economic and industrial development of the the continent.These projects will support the function of the gateway port to the hinterland landlocked countries,linked by the Northern Corridor,as well as Kenya itself.It is hoped that these projects will contribute to the social and economic development of Kenya and the region at large and we are looking forward that the Government of Kenya will host TCAD VI soon to promote our cooperation and friendship further.

Reporter: James Ombeo Omwega,BCOM,PHAP