Democratic Republic of the Congo: Field Based Data

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BUKAVU, South Kivu, Eastern of DRC

Struggle against poverty and the social exclusion by:
– Strategic workshops with every local basic committee (Total: 20)
– The access of the poor people to the micro finances (building of local capacities and setting-up of the VSLA), — Chain Value development of the agricultural sectors(networks) of production (organization, the access of the poor people to the market of their products,
– fights against the violence based on the gender,
– fights against the extreme vulnerability


Djomedjoh, Lomié

Poor population in an remote area without access to water and basic sanitation infrastructures.
Difficut to access modern market, non transformation of forest and agriculture products.
No effective value chain developped despite abundant natural resources.
Indigenous people (pygmies) not involved in development activities and suffering of hunger and poverty.

Reporter: Paul GBALENE



Ituri is one of the most affected regions by war in the Democratic Republic of Congo which started in 1996. From 1998 to 2005, the area of Boga which is founded in Ituri was among the most touched areas by war. People were obliged to go to take refuge in Uganda leaving behind them all their goods and activities.
Considering the situation of the moment, group of breeders and farmers were found around frameworks and technicians agronomists to reflect on their fate, thus they decided to put a project which will help them to be started again economically. That’s why we were designed to help the project to be realized in order to let them boost economically.
The project has many steps , the first step takes 14 months, the second 12months and the third 12months. For the first step we will work with 200 people, the second step 350 new people and the third steps 250 people and the third step.

III 2. Principal objectives

1.    At the end of the project, the each one of 200 people will be able to be self-financing
2.    The project consists to finance 10 breeders of  milk cows (2 cows and 1ox by breeder), 40 breeders of ducks (30 ducklings by breeder), 40 breeders of hens (50 chicks by breeder) after which they will be able of self-financing after a period of 9 to 12 months of investment.
3.    It also consists in financing 110 farmers for 105 hectares of food crops of which: 25farmers of maize (1 hectare per farmer), 25 farmers of manioc(2 hectares by people), 40farmers of beans (1,24 acres per farmer), 20maraîchères(1,24 acres per farmer) after which they will be able to finance themselves after a period of 1 month to 10 months of investment

1.    200 vulnerable people resulting from the badly nourished families and victims of the civil war in Ituri and of the war of rebellion in Democratic Republic of Congo
2.    The participation of them in the evolution of the project remains capital.
3.    The recipients must be implied in the identification of the project by the farming products and breeding quickly contribute to support the households after 8 weeks to 2 years of investment, reason for which this choice was related to the small animal breeding and the culture of the food products.


Number of workers: 8 project leader, a secretary, a logistician, 3 agronomists and 1 veterinary
Duration of project: 14 months
Reporter: Mr Esperance Kugonza


” Strategical context and objectives, reasons for this project and main objectives/goals for this project

This information is coming from (and thus the project is in line with) the strategical plan for recovery and development of Boga (SPRD).  In this project document and this chapter are just some relevant parts from the SPRD. For the whole context and coherence of all activities the SPRD should be reviewed (it is included in funding proposals).

Mission and Vision:

The mission of the people of Boga is to survive, recover/rehabilitate and develop in a sustainable way. The mission of the organization of PIRD in this context is to plan and implement the necessary projects to fulfil the needs and desires of the battered community.

The vision of the community is to rehabilitate, become self-sufficient and re-initiate a thriving sustainable community also equipped with proper healthcare and education. The future inhabitants should be living happily and further migration must be prevented and where possible reversed.
More specifically ( and to start with for the shorter term ) the community has the vision of re-igniting farming activity and start with cultivating maize, bean, cassava , vegetables, breeding animals (cows, ducks, chicken) and selling milk and maize and cassava flour.

Possibilities for local productivity and self-sustainability:

Before the civil war began the villagers of Boga were very successful with the plantation and trade of coffee.  The lands around Boga are very fertile and the climate is very suited for all kinds of agricultural activities. Irrigation is not needed because of sufficient rain. Other means to achieve self-sustainability, like trade between Uganda and DRC, also offer potential.

However the re-ignition of agricultural activities, especially maize /cassava etc. offer the best possibilities to start with because of the relatively low required amounts of investment and the potential of relatively quick results.

3. Measurable goals which the project aims to achieve (including the goals of the sub phases)

Overall goals that need to be met at the end of the project:

100 farmers self-sustainable into the future by farming with 1 hectare each. Self-sustained means they will be able to continue at least on the same level without further investment from outside.  The following crops will be grown: peanut, soy, maize, rice and cassava

The amount of crops on harvest is the average of the inferior and superior average on harvest. For example for soy the worst harvest was 60kg for 5kg of crops sowed and the best harvest was 70kg the average is 65kg
The amount of replanting is multiplied per two to increase other families. That means the first program is for 100 farmers the second will be for 200 farmers and this will perpetuate the farming.

The following amounts of crops will be successfully sold: 36000 kg
And the following amount will be used in other ways like own use, replanting etc.: 26000 kg
100 farmers obtain knowledge and skills about basic sustainable agricultural practices by watching DVD and training/classes with local agricultural professional. Knowledge/skills will be tested.
Reporter: Mr Esperance Kugonza

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“Rural Electrification Project in the North-East of DR Congo : village of Boga, locality of  Nyakabale

Currently for young people growing up in the bush, the only outcome after primary school is the leak in the city, where they are often swell the number of idle, living crime such as theft. The council of elders of the village of Boga and all residents are mobilizing for many years to develop innovative projects and give birth to original economic initiatives: Workshops drying, husking and pounding (rice and coffee), craft workshops , woodworking, fish etc..

Electrification and structuring some workshops for villagers to create a new dynamic open to residents of the entire area concerned future prospects unthinkable in the current situation. This is why electrification is more than light! With the creation of sustainable jobs, we hope that this project will start of an integrated development in the bush, essential alternative to the exodus of young people.

The choice of appropriate technology

The Nyakable stream has its source Igandi. It supplies the locality of Nyakabale and offers a vertical drop of about 200 m with a minimum flow of 30 l / sec and more than 100 m3/sec in the rainy season. A masonry intake on the creek will feed a floodway near 400 m hillside. The water will be decanted into the basin charging that feed the penstock 1000 m with an elevation of 120 m and a stabilized rate of 20/25 l / sec.

The installation of a micro-hydro plant is a choice suited with the relief and climatic conditions that characterize the area of intervention: it is indeed a region of humid tropical climate (more than 3 meters of water annual average). The first relief before the first cliff offer interesting gradients to capture the energy of small rivers and turn it into valuable electrical energy while respecting the environment.

At Nyakabla, the available power will supply 20kwa workshops on the day. At night, power generation, with two bulbs of 40 W per dwelling will be well enough to the village of 250 habitations.

The installation of micro-hydro and electrical system

The purpose of the PIRD being sustainable development respecting the environment, so it is a good decision to use a natural and ecological resource presents at Nyakabale: the water like a group uses thermal electric by some people and bad for the environment pleasant Boga.

The choice of PIRD is focused on micro-hydro of IREM brand, equipped with a turbine PELTON. Upon reading the data sheet of the manufacturer and according to the EDF hydraulic UP East experts, the assembly is called very simple and requires basic maintenance uncomplicated to access parts. The micro power will have a sufficient water resources and free to hope for a sustainable supply of the electrical machine.

As for the choice of a power grid buried or overhead, it appears that the underground solution is very well developed and less well-known locally. The network will also air he favored in terms of interviews to come ..

Finally, it is strongly recommended to support these developments by a security awareness, including in response to mechanical and electrical hazards.This awareness could be achieved by technicians from Kilo-Moto (Electricity Company serving the city of Bunia in the north of the village of Boga), with whom PIRD is already in contact.

The installation of electrified workshops

Exploration and feasibility study

Various techniques were visited by PIRD not far from our study area. This survey helped to make a diagnosis on initiatives that seem to work and those that seem more difficult to implement or rent are less able.

Type visited workshops: A beekeeping workshop; a a woodworking shop, a welding shop and workshop husking rice developed in the town of Bunia and Beni.

The workshop rice husking was particularly interesting because it creates a strong productivity gains, while the machines are inexpensive energy (11 kW for a yield of 900 to 1200 kg / h) and simple enough to use. At this stage of the project and from our understandong are ground, this workshop has been privileged because rice is one of the the staple and has grown throughout the village of Boga.

Summary workshop hulling rice:

Mini    Max.
Productivity (kg / h)    900    1 200
Sale price husked (Ar)    1100    1100
Total Recipe    990 000    1320000
Raw material cost (Ar / kg)    375    375
Raw material cost (Ar / h) = (cost per mat.prem    337,500    450,000
kg x productivity)

Power demand (kW)    11    11
Electricity cost (Ar / kWh in Aditsara)    150    150

Electricity cost (Ar / h pricing Aditsara)    1650    1650

Labor (Ar / h)    1100    1100
Total Debt    340,250    452,750
Estimated gain (Ar / h)    649,750    867,250

A second workshop is planned to meet an identified need in the socio-economic study: Workshop oil pressing, allowing households to Boga to valuable savings on this essential expense, and ensure a vibrant local market with all neighboring villages.

Installation workshops

Once the creation of formalized OPEDI and installation of effective electrical network, the cooperative may consider installing electrified workshops. PIRD will then clearly define the nature of its participation in the operation. In one case, the workshops could be a gift from PIRD. They would then be managed by the management committee. Another solution would be to provide OPEDI workshops as a micro-credit.

Microcredit will undoubtedly preferred because it fits better in the current direction of development policy and will be able to meet our goals of autonomy and sustainability: it makes it possible to actually engage beneficiaries by empowering and strengthening their self-determination.

The objective of these new activities will be firstly to accelerate the process of transformation of certain agricultural products to increase the production and sale of these products, and also to make new goods, which will farmers more independence

– motorization of pounding and husking coffee, maize and rice

–   drive the oil pressing (following the peanut crop activity) and palm fruit oil, which provide valuable dietary supplement.It is also one of the most important spending.

The villagers are willing to invest in this project and think they can manage by themselves if they receive adequate training.However, as stated by the village chief, an intermediate is necessary to coordinate activities and provide research opportunities and travel.

Budget needed $111 182

Reporter: Mr Esperance Kugonza nyalubu

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Many children at school age in the Territory Basoko not go to school because the parents have no means to pay the fees or because the school is found near the village.

Reporter: Ikopi Moleko Gabriel Marcel

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South-Kivu and North-Kivu provinces

To the east of the DRC and poverty continues to make threats to our target groups .A organization called Mission of Evangelization for Marginalized Groups ‘MGM’ association that is a God’s servants of the group had felt shocked, tormented and outraged by the harm inflicted on women – mothers, mothers- girls, girls who are victims of HIV / AIDS and sexual violence against women, in the marginal situation of survivors and children accused sorcerers abandoned to their fate by the community as the belief in the DRC especially in the East, a person can not die without have been bewitched .The group felt moved to help these people outside of the community but with insufficient means to meet their needs
Since 2004, MGM are girls and women in functional literacy; in various businesses such as hotels, dressmaking, computer training, paying school fees for children affected and infected by HIV / AIDS affected families and subscribe to infected or healthy for mutual health care .Since 2007, is committed to raising awareness on the Millennium Development Goals, MDGs .We needs your support to provide assistance to these people in dangerious without clothes, food or other needs first necessity

Reporter: Executive Director

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Armed conflicts affecting and affected all children, but particularly refugee children abandoned in the short and long term. Children can be affected at the individual level but also as a member of the family and the community. A short-term armed conflict threatens their survival, their health and their access to other immediate needs. Conflicts disrupt their family, community and traditional, thus affecting their development and behavior in adult life such as: family separation, economic and sexual exploitation of children, recruitment and use of children in armed forces Armed conflicts, deaths and injuries from mines, sustainable social and psychological problems, etc..
Children are used to fight the fronts or do anything that may be equally or more dangerous such as serving as spies, messengers and carriers “innocent” of weapons and monitions. Girls are also used to play these roles, and they are particularly at risk of being abducted for sexual purposes, including rape and forced prostitution. .

Abandoned displaced and refugee children have no access to proper nutrition and education. They spend years without going to school and are often unable to read and write. Without education, these children have difficulty finding good living conditions or to have access to information that could help them improve their lives despite their condition and / or refugee status. They are often deprived of normal family relations should serve as a model in their adult lives. Refugee children are at risk of becoming ill parents and perpetuate the cycle of violence.

Although refugees abandoned, it is imperative to prepare their return to normal life through rehabilitation and psychosocial support. Must socialize to treat their behavior and thinking tainted by the vile acts of which they are authors or powerless observers.
Having already begun mentoring activities of different children affected by armed conflict in general and refugee children abandoned in particular PEPA NGO in collaboration with other actors and animators development proposes to build experience in favor of these children (orphans, refugees, children particularly difficult situation and other abandoned children) to prepare for their future after covering the fundamental values of human rights, healing from trauma and technically able to be competitive on the market wage. This project is also an effective way to prevent the phenomenon of crime and all forms of deviance that these children would be very detrimental to any society.

This project will draw young people and their mentality reintegrated into life stuffed with tools and techniques for production support.

Support project for refugee children and other vulnerable children abandoned (EROV) aims to support children with learning difficulties mostly refugees, in North Kivu Province- Goma/Democratic Republic of Congo. Through this project, PEPA NGOs provides a seventy (70) of children selected from 212 children in difficult conditions , education, guidance and psycho-social and moral information and training in various fields. Note that the 100 selected children are in displaced refugee camps around Goma and other orphans from various places of North Kivu, fed and clothed in the shelter initially by contributions from members of PEPA.
The project will try to solve the serious problem of poverty, especially under education by sending the children to various schools of Goma and supporting and increasing the low levels of education, high rates of school dropout and failure.
According to a sample survey on the problems and needs of orphans and refugee children abandoned North Kivu, led by the organization PEPA prior to the development of this project, the 91 children surveyed, 22.52% are refugees, 25 children, 72.6%, 66 are orphans of parents or either one parent or still street children and abandoned, mainly due to HIV – AIDS and war that ravaged the Great Lakes countries.
Part of the 83 refugee children living with families no family relationship with them, which have their own children or children in their care, housing and feeding and sometimes to total of 12 children, other children are under responsibility for their elders, children themselves yet but already heads of families at a very young age.

This extreme poverty has a negative impact on the education of these children but also their social lives. Others combine school with small income generating activities for survival for themselves and their families, such as selling to passersby on the road or in bars with peanuts and eggs, and c. with all the risks to their physical and mental health without forgetting the risks of failure and dropping out of school. Many of these children may not have just one meal a day. This project is a response to the growing number of cultural and economic problems facing African children, especially orphans and refugee children in Congo cheers and other abandoned children. Pregnancies and induced abortions among teenagers, unemployment, inadequate skills for the workplace, poverty, street children, child prostitution, always rising tide of sexually transmitted diseases including AIDS, increased drug use among children and youth, school dropouts, etc..

The NGO PEPA believes, it is time to (Humanitarian and durable solution to promote education) play more active roles in the growth and development of children by addressing these challenges.

II. Project objectives:

To alleviate the problems of Mal nourished, refugee/displaced Children, Orphans and other Vulnerable Children living in DR.Congo, the NGO PEPA is fixed objectives and activities:

II. 1. Overall objective:

–           reduce vagrancy and improve the nutritional quality of life and socio-economic and educational for many of Mal nourished children, Refugee, orphans and other vulnerable children (RCOV) in Goma/DRC.

II. 2. Specific Objective:

–           promote access to some of these RCOV (Refugee Children, Orphans and other vulnerable children) living in the district of North Kivu, care and education means sufficient.
–           Supervise and care for children requiring Special measures of protection


This project lasts six (6) months, renewable by the necessities of the moment


–           Direct and indirect beneficiaries of the project are 70 children ready registered by PEPA(Pleaders of Children and Elderly People at risk) as priority, indirect beneficiaries are the 141 other children.


–           Facilitate, educate and raise public awareness about the project
–           Organize a meeting of all the staff with local leaders in order of their necessity and informed of the project launch
–           Procure and distribute school supplies uniforms, school fees, books, shoes and other;
–           Nurture, mentor and educate children beneficiaries and organize sessions animation, information and training on topics including HIV / AIDS;
–           Initiating and supporting income-generating activities for children over the age of schooling;
–           Psychosocial care of 91 children: Listening and counseling, detraumatisation by different kinds of therapies
–           Monitoring and evaluation.

VI.               METHODOLOGY:

Several stages of the implementation of the project according to a schedule of activities:

–           Identification of children;
–           Identification and selection of beneficiaries among children most vulnerable refugees, orphans of father and mother under the responsibility of elders or under the responsibility of families without kinship;
–           Fatherless living with mother or maternal orphans living with father, etc..
–           Food distribution once a month;
–           Distribution of school supplies at the beginning of each year;
–          Animation sessions and information once a month at each distribution;
–           Evaluation and biannual report to the General Assembly members

ReporterMr Appolinaire ZAGABE